Born in 1963 and grew up in Erfurt, Thuringia.
From 1981 to 1985, she studied law at the University of Leipzig and worked as lawyer at VEB Robotron Sales.
1986 she moved to the Erfurt city building office as a legal counsel. In 1990 head of the legal department of the city of Erfurt, but in the same year after the re-establishment of the state of Thuringia, she took over the leadership of the Thuringian Ministry of Justice.
She later held various functions within the ministry, including as head of the constitutional law unit. Most recently, she was the deputy head of department and head of human resources in the prison department. 2004-2018 member of the Landtag of Thuringia.
In 2008 Walsmann was appointed State Minister of Justice.
2009 State Minister of Finance.
2010-2013 Head of the State Chancellery and State Minister for European Affairs.
From 2015 until 2018, Walsmann was the State Parliament’s delegate to the European Committee of the Regions.
MEP since 2019.